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Gender and Anti Trafficking

Cambodia is a source, transit and destination country for human trafficking. The trafficking for women and children becomes more concerned issue in the world as well as in Cambodia.

Cambodian men are more likely trafficked for forced labors in the field of construction, agricultural sector, while Cambodian women and children are trafficked for sexual exploitation ( the cases are mostly happening to Cambodian women and children) , Forced labor in garment sector and as domestic servants is also appeared.

The victims are treated badly; they suffered from abuse, torture, sexuality including detention etc.

There are many causes of human trafficking; they are counted as poverty, unemployment, fail to education etc. Poverty is the most significant cause of trafficking. The most common form of trafficking is found out that people cheated families of the poor in finding new job, good paid work to do, or they are lured to work in the city where business activities are keeping so busy. The victims need better living condition expecting to find a better job when they migrate to the city or neighboring country.

Caritas Cambodia will develop country report on gender and trafficking in 2009. However, Caritas Cambodia has special focus on 3 activities and this will be carried out in the program implementation:

  • Education Awareness: The program will help contribute knowledge; better understanding on the issue to the target communities includes VDA, MC, and federation. This is to ensure that they will be well-informed on the trafficking law.
  • Legal Protection: The community will be knowledgeable of where they could help the victims of their communities. We encourage them to access help when in need whether throughout the government authority or NGOs who work on the issue. This is to open a good direction to the victims and those who are in need. Legal protection will help the victims feel confident and strong.
  • Rehabilitation: The victims especially women and children shall be offered an opportunity to get vocational trainings. The training would be much advantageous for them to start their normal life and to secure the family living as a whole. This also brings hope and help shape good future direction.
Gender and Anti-trafficking program is one partner of Pan-Asia Anti-Trafficking program. The Pan-Asia Anti-Trafficking program has been introduced to help concentrate voice out and solve the core issue locally and nationally. There are 3 main objectives have been counted:
  • To develop and strengthen Caritas Asia partners which sustain efforts for empowerment of women, children and young people against trafficking;
  • To enhance policy influence through collectively organized support to international i instruments pertinent to anti-trafficking; and
  • To establish networks within East Asia and Malaysia with a view to sensitize the partners there to the need for addressing the demand side of trafficking in these countries.
“Trafficking in persons is an unlawful and criminal activity Based on violation against a human being”
“Trafficking is continuing a crime, which occurs not only within national boundaries but also across borders”

The Pan-Asia Anti-Trafficking program will continue to enable partner agencies and MOs to empower women and children to protect themselves from trafficking and to stimulate the religious and civic leaders to become partners of the anti-trafficking campaign. The program will be built on the efforts undertaken by Caritas Asia (CA) partners in grassroots animation, organization and mobilization. It will strengthen the collaboration of the CA partners with other national and Pan-Asia networks. The program will address the demand side and raise awareness of partners and like minded organizations in East Asia and Malaysia. This will continue to culminate in Asia-wide events to be celebrated in many Asian countries. The program will also build up networks with other International Networks.

The strategy of Program is designed to be implemented over a period of three years. The program will be implemented at local, national, the Pan-Asia levels and links at International levels.

Trafficking is a complex and multidimensional problem, often requiring a multi-pronged and multidisciplinary approach. A number of the Partner Organizations of Caritas Asia, notably in South Asia, have had several years of successful experience in implementing extensive anti-trafficking programs. PA’s in other area’s are still struggling to establish their programs, and are very much in need of examples and advice.

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